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July 24, 2014  |  About the Berkley Center  |  Directions to the Center  |  Subscribe
 
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KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES

Religion and Conflict Case Studies
Bosnia. Darfur. Afghanistan. Iraq. Headlines chronicle conflicts infused with religious dynamics. Just as significant, but less visible, are places where religious actors have promoted conflict resolution and peace, as in South Africa, Mozambique, and Colombia. This collection of case studies...
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South Africa
Religion has significantly contributed to the development of diverse communities in modern South Africa. Before the arrival of Christianity in the sixteenth century, indigenous inhabitants practiced spiritual traditions that remain influential today. Starting in the seventeenth century, the Dutch...
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Religion in the South African Constitution

The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa was approved by the Constitutional Court on December 4, 1996, and took effect on February 4, 1997. Reflecting the country’s recent transition from apartheid, it contains robust protections for a broad range of individual rights and strong clauses prohibiting discrimination. Thus, Article 9 prohibits direct or indirect discrimination based on religious affiliation, and Article 15 specifically guarantees the right to freedom of religion, thought, belief, and opinion. Additionally, Article 6 provides for the protection of languages used for religious purposes. Cultural rights are also explicitly protected under Article 31, which has resulted in some ambiguity about the status of traditional, yet controversial, religious practices such as animal sacrifice.