AUTHORMary Margaret Ryan Mary Margaret Ryan is a junior in the College studying English and French. A native Midwesterner originally from Chicago but currently living in Kansas City, Mary Margaret looks forward to spending her spring semester in Paris, France studying at...
March 18, 2012
May 8, 2012
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Values Voters in France's Presidential Election
May 8, 2012 | 2 COMMENTS
I was expecting their disappointment from the moment I heard the results myself over the crackly radio my host father leaves running at all times, even as he sleeps. It has been my experience that the French, unlike many Americans who take a far more decorous approach to “appropriate” dinner conversations, tend to plunge right into heated political talks whenever and often wherever the mood strikes, and my host family has proven no exception.
I’d been surprised initially; the second question my host father asked—after, of course, the requisite “Did you have a nice flight?” following my flight from Kansas City to Paris— was whether I was a Republican or a Democrat. I’ve gotten used to the offhand approach both my host father and host mother take to discussing politics, though, and, after spending the last few months with them as the 2012 presidential race loomed closer and closer, I’ve gotten to know a fair amount about their political beliefs, given both the frequency and frankness with which they discuss them.
It’s been interesting, too, for me to discuss certain similarities I’ve noticed between the French presidential race and the American race currently taking form. My host father, somewhat of an enthusiast of all things American, follows the news in the States closely, and when a recent article discussing the role religion and religious issues might play in the upcoming American elections, I thought he might be interested.
At the same time, though, I was curious to hear his thoughts about the role that religion, often considered a crucial element in American elections, might play in France, where laïcité— roughly, a kind of secularism— restricts the overt display of religious symbols and markers, and religious practice is often a strictly private affair, practiced primarily in the home. In following the elections here, I’d seen relatively little in the way of overt scrutiny of either the religious affiliations of candidates or proposed social legislation, but I knew from experience around the dinner table, that religion did come into play, even if it was largely within the private sphere.
My host parents, who are both practicing Catholics, confirmed that their religious beliefs did, in fact, have a certain influence in their political leanings, but it was not as expansive a role as I initially thought, given their heavy involvement in their parish. They felt that some of Hollande’s proposed legislative changes did conflict with their beliefs, but, as they told me, their economic concerns trumped social or faith-based ones. For my host mother, ultimately, it was the economy and not religion that would drive her vote, although in the present case, as she added pointedly, both went the same way.
Their voting preferences, it turns out, are hardly unusual among French Catholics. According to polls released immediately following the announcement of the results, approximately 79% of practicing Catholics voted for Nicolas Sarkozy, the incumbent president and candidate representing the Union pour un mouvement populaire (UMP). Similar religious voting blocs exist for other groups, including practicing Muslims, who, in addition to constituting the largest religious group in the electorate following Catholics (57.2 % and 5%, respectively according to a 2012 Cevipof poll) voted largely for Hollande. According to Claude Dargent, an associated research at the Centre de recherché politiques de Sciences Po, furthermore, these traditional orientations are often relatively unaffected by minor political variations from year, tending instead to remain marked characteristics of each group.
The next day, after they’d had the chance to cool down a bit, I decided to ask my host family what they thought about Dargent’s assessment of the variability of voting preferences from year to year, especially given the fixed nature of certain values that tended to orient the voting bloc’s vote in the first place. They agreed, noting that pending their evaluation of Hollande’s term and the future survival prospects of France as a nation—they have quite the sense of humor— they planned to vote for similar values in the future.
RESPONSE TO MARY MARGARET RYAN FROM LUKE DEVLIN May 16, 2012
I’ll begin this comment with an anecdote: over Easter break, I flew to an island in Greece called Kos, which is known as being the birthplace of Hippocrates (Hippocratic Oath) and because RyanAir flies there at little cost. While on the beach with a few of my friends, a local shouted to us and asked us where we are from, to which we promptly responded the United States. Without hesitation, he shouted, “I LOVE OBAMA! GO OBAMA!” This story, though not directly related, I believe illustrates just how involved Europeans are with American politics. I, on the other hand, could not have named the President of Greece, let alone the Presidents of most European countries, save a few.
I have also noticed that like the French, Italians have no problems discussing personal political and religious beliefs over lunch or a glass of wine. Italians, contrary to popular belief, are not very devoutly religious, though most consider themselves Catholic. Italy is a fairly liberal state, which is surprising, given that it houses the home of the Catholic Church in its capital. Italians, like the French, seem fairly unaffected by their religion in their political opinions.
Given that France was one of those countries where I knew who the President was, I think Sarkozy’s defeat in France sends a ripple across the EU. In the opinion of many, myself included, the recovery of the EU economy seemed to be lead by Merkel and Sarkozy, and a loss in his reelection bid is not a vote of confidence for the direction of the EU.
RESPONSE TO MARY MARGARET RYAN FROM GRETTA DIGBEU June 7, 2012
I think the voting patterns among Catholics and Muslims in France have a lot to do with the question of national identity, and that religion simply correlates with their preexisting sentiments. The Muslims living in France mostly come from the Maghreb region of Africa, and although many of them are second or third generation, they feel marginalized and retain a strong sense of solidarity for their community.
In his pre-election speech in Toulouse, Sarkozy came down very hard on the issue of immigration while trying to appeal to the far right. He identified the question of “borders” as the key issue of the elections. He denounced the looseness of the French border and the slowly disintegrating fiber of national identity, calling on the people to remember and recover their cultural heritage, dropping names like Voltaire, Victor Hugo and De Gaulle. He denounced what he sees as a fragmentation of the French nation, a collapse into a land of “tribes” and “ethnicities” and that many blame on unregulated and invasive immigration. Of course, this issue is directly tied to the country’s recovery, since many immigrants benefit from state-funded healthcare, welfare and income supplements.
Concerns about on the state of the economy seem to be directly tied to the regulation of borders, the concessions made to illegal immigrants, and the benefits granted to newly naturalized and second generation Frenchmen, while they cause national discord. Religious differences in themselves didn’t appear to be a relevant factor in the elections.
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