Council of Indonesian Ulama
As Indonesia’s top Muslim clerical body, the Council of Indonesian Ulama (Majelis Ulama Indonesia, MUI) advises the Muslim community on contemporary issues. The Suharto government founded MUI in 1975. Its objective is to facilitate interactions between the secular Indonesian state and the majority Muslim community, to encourage the involvement of religious authorities in national development, and to enable interfaith cooperation. The group issues religious rulings on a variety of topics, ranging from public policies to popular culture. A wide range of Muslim groups, notably Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and Muhammadiyah, sit on the council. The MUI rules conservatively on issues such as dress and sexuality. It has declared Ahmadiyya a heretical form of Islam and also excludes the participation of Shi'a groups.