National Committee of the Three-Self Patriotic Movement of the Protestant Churches in China
Founded in 1954, the National Committee of the Three-Self Patriotic Movement (TSPM) is an umbrella organization sanctioned by the government for all Protestant churches in China. Initiated by a member of the Congregational Church, Y.T. Wu, the Three-Self Patriotic Movement promoted a strategy of “self-governance, self-support, and self-propagation” in order to remove foreign influences from the Chinese churches and to assure the communist government of their loyalty to the newly-established People's Republic of China. The TSPM ceased operation during the Cultural Revolution and restored its activities in 1979. It remains a key official umbrella organization for Protestantism in China, in contrast to the underground churches movement. The TSPM is located in Shanghai.