Fadela Amara is a French politician and feminist of Algerian descent who has served as inspector general for social affairs since 2011. Amara was secretary of state for urban policy from 2007 to 2010 with the Union for a Popular Movement government under Nicolas Sarkozy. She was born in 1964 to Muslim parents in a North African immigrant housing district and witnessed the repression of women and governmental prejudice within her community. At 16, Amara became an activist and went on to establish several feminist groups, including the Women’s Association for Intercommunal Exchange (Association des femmes pour l’échange intercommunautaire), an Islamic feminist organization. She was elected a municipal councilor as a Socialist Party member in 2001 and supported the 2003 law prohibiting women from wearing Muslim headscarves in schools. In response to a young Muslim girl's murder in a Parisian suburb, Amara launched a march, spawning the popular feminist organization Neither Whores Nor Submissives (Ni Putes Ni Soumises).