Francis Cardinal George is an American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the archbishop of Chicago. He is also a member of a number of Catholic offices, including the Congregation for Divine Worship and Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. From 2007 to 2010 he served as the president of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, having previously been appointed archbishop of Portland and bishop of Yakima. Cardinal George is particularly well-known for his defense of the sacramental seal of confession, religious freedom, and Catholic moral and social teaching. He is the author of numerous books and letters, including God in Action: How Faith in God Can Address the Challenges of the World (2011). A native of Chicago, Cardinal George is a member of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate religious congregation and has received numerous degrees in theology and philosophy.