Mitt Romney is the former governor of Massachusetts (2003 to 2007) and the 2012 Republican candidate for president. He is the author of No Apology: The Case for American Greatness (2010). Romney's failed 2008 campaign emphasized his success as a businessman and chief executive at Bain & Company and spin-off Bain Capital; his membership in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints played an important role in that campaign, as some leaders of the Religious Right hesitated in supporting his candidacy because of ongoing skepticism about Romney's Mormon faith. In 2008 Romney frequently spoke of his faith in general terms accessible to evangelical voters, and in 2012 he continued to resist more detailed discussion of Mormonism. The anti-Mormon sentiment in 2008 was frequently compared to the anti-Catholicism that faced both Al Smith in his failed 1928 presidential bid and John F. Kennedy in his 1960 victory.