Cardinal Theodore McCarrick is archbishop of Washington emeritus, having served from 2001 to 2006. During his tenure as archbishop, he was elevated to the College of Cardinals by Pope John Paul II, served as chancellor of the Catholic University of America and president of the board of trustees of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, and opened a new seminary to educate diocesan missionary priests. He also supported creation of the DC Opportunity Scholarship Program and traveled globally to disaster-stricken areas on behalf of Catholic Relief Services. Cardinal McCarrick's long career includes work as the head of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops' Committee on Migration, chair of the Committee on International Policy, and chair of the Domestic Policy Committee. He has served as president of the Papal Foundation and from 1999 to 2001 was a member of the US Commission on International Religious Freedom.