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April 18, 2014  |  About the Berkley Center  |  Directions to the Center  |  Subscribe
 
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Canada

POPULATION

34,300,083 (July 2012 est.)

GDP PER CAPITA

$41,100 (2011 est.)

RELIGIONS

Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census)
> source

ALSO IN UNITED STATES AND CANADA

United States

CanadaPrinter-icon

United States and Canada

Canada is an overwhelmingly Christian country, though the role of religion in public life has waned in recent decades. French settlement beginning in the 17th century established a Roman Catholic francophone population in Lower Canada, now Quebec, followed by English settlement that brought Anglicans and other Protestants to Upper Canada, now Ontario. The religious, cultural, and political antagonism between Canadian Protestants and Catholics remained a central theme of Canadian history. The most recent vote for Quebec’s secession from Canada, held in 1995, was defeated by only 1%. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees freedom of religion and prohibits religiously based discrimination. Provinces are permitted to fund religious education in public schools, leading to funding of Catholic education in Catholic-majority areas like Quebec, and funding of Protestant education in much of the rest of the country.

ESSAYS ON CANADA

Early European Settlement and the Formation of the Modern State
Westward Expansion and Cultural Tensions
History Since 1960
Contemporary Affairs
Religious Freedom in Canada
Religion in the Canadian Constitution