6,508,887 (July 2012 est.)
GDP PER CAPITA
$6,000 (2011 est.)
Sunni Muslim 92% (official), Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shia Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.)
Jordan has played an integral role in Christian, Jewish, and Islamic history. Islam has been a powerful force in Jordanian politics and society since the arrival of the Arabs in the 7th century CE, and Jordan remained under the purview of the caliphate through the First World War (1914-18). A constitutional monarchy controlled by the Hashemite family since 1920, Jordan has retained its strong Muslim and Arab identities, and Sunni Islam remains the official state religion. Jordan’s indigenous Christian community enjoys a greater degree of political and religious freedom than is perhaps typical for the region, although decades of Christian emigration has reduced Jordan’s religious diversity. Jordan plays an important role in the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict as one of only two Arab states that have normalized relations with Israel; estimates suggest that as much as 70% of Jordan’s population is comprised of Palestinian refugees and their descendants.
November 5, 2009
The power to interpret religious knowledge and define the terms of religious propriety is contested in many countries throughout the Muslim world today. Yet beyond analysis of curricular content, very little scholarly attention has been focused on the role of schools in such contests. This event addressed struggles surrounding moral authority through an ethnographic exploration of religious teaching and practice in a girls' secondary school in Jordan. It examined both the formal or official...
September 17, 2007
The Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs sponsored a brownbag discussion about the book, Peacemakers in Action: Profiles of Religion in Conflict Resolution (edited by David Little with the Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious Understanding). The discussion centered around the book’s main focus: 16 peacemakers who put their lives on the line in conflicts around the world and use religious texts and traditions as sources of inspiration and resource for conflict...
October 15, 2006
In this event cosponsored with the Program for Jewish Civilization, visiting scholar Joseph Nevo spoke on the process and ultimately successful conclusion of negotiations between King Hussein of Jordan and the state of Israel. Nevo discussed the historical conditions and specific leadership that made it possible for one of the leaders of the Arab world to negotiate with Israel in a way that implied both gains and concessions, ultimately leading to a successfully held peace treaty, despite the...