POPULATION63,047,162 (July 2012 est.)
GDP PER CAPITA$36,600 (2011 est.)
RELIGIONSChristian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1% (2001 census)
ALSO IN EUROPE AND RUSSIAAlbania
AT THE CENTER
The United Kingdom is closely linked with the Church of England, which is established in England and has a small role in the UK government; the Presbyterian Church of Scotland is the non-established "national church" of Scotland, while Wales and Northern Ireland have no established church. The Church of England emerged out of the decision of King Henry VIII (1509-47) to separate from the Roman Catholic Church. This led to over a century of struggle between Puritans and Catholics to determine the doctrinal form the new Church would take. British control of Northern Ireland has generated Catholic-Protestant violence, particularly during the Troubles (1968-98). Immigration from former British colonies has given Muslims and Hindus an increased, though not always integrated presence in society. UK law grants freedom of religion, prohibits the inciting of religious hatred, and funds faith-based schools. The monarch is required to not be Catholic nor married to a Catholic. Though largely Christian, much of the population is unobservant.