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April 23, 2014  |  About the Berkley Center  |  Directions to the Center  |  Subscribe
 
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TRADITION

TOPICS

Hinduism Hinduism
Hinduism is an Indian religion encompassing diverse ritualistic Vedic traditions stressing the importance of karma and societal norms. The vast field of Hindu scriptures...

Ahimsa
戒杀

Ahimsa is the tenet of non-violence found in Indian religions. In Hinduism, it entails kindness and doing no harm to living things out of the belief that all beings are connected in Brahman, the fabric of absolute reality. Both verbal and physical violence create bad karma resulting in negative consequences for the soul that perpetrates them and should be avoided. However, Hindus hold that ahimsa does not always include justified warfare or the death penalty and allows for both under certain circumstances. Hinduism also honors the duties of warriors and soldiers and maintains the permissibility of self-defense. In general, the concept of ahimsa encourages vegetarianism, though many Hindus do eat meat, often refraining only from beef as cows because of their place of reverence in the tradition. Still, some Hindus argue that eating any meat is sinful.
“不害”或“戒杀”是印度宗教中非暴力的教义。在印度教中,“不害”具有善良、以及不为害有生命之物等意义,其信念是,所以存在物都与梵——绝对实在的构造——相联系。口头的和身体的暴力都应避免,因为它们造成坏的羯磨,给犯其过失的灵魂带来坏的结果。不过,印度教徒认为,“不害“并不延申到战争或死刑之中,许可这两者并赞誉武士与战士的职责。印度教还许可自卫。“不害”鼓励食素,但许多印度教徒的确是食肉的,他们往往只是不吃牛肉,因为牛是印度教中的圣物。仍然有些印度教徒则争论说,吃任何一种肉都是有罪的。