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Hinduism Hinduism
Hinduism is an Indian religion encompassing diverse ritualistic Vedic traditions stressing the importance of karma and societal norms. The vast field of Hindu scriptures...

Bhagavad Gita
《薄伽梵歌》

The Bhagavad Gita is a sacred scripture in Hinduism. It is an approximately 700-verse section of the larger scriptural epic known as the Mahabharata. The Gita comprises a conversation between the Lord Krishna, the incarnation of Lord Vishnu and the warrior-prince Arjuna before the beginning of the Kurukshetra War. Krishna allays Arjuna’s moral concerns about fighting his own cousins by explicating the warrior-prince’s duties through a discussion of Yogic and Vedantic teachings on how to shed one’s illusions and come to realize the divine essence (Brahman) underlying all reality. The date of origin of the Mahabharata is not certain, with estimates ranging from the fifth century BCE to the first century CE. The significance that many Hindus place on the Gita is reflected in its status as a “revealed” (Shruti) text of divine provenance, even though the Mahabharata as a whole is considered to be “remembered” (Smriti) text of human origin.
《薄伽梵歌》是一部印度教的经典,它是印度的著名叙事诗《摩诃波罗多》的节选,大概有700节内容。它记录了在倶卢之野战争前大神黑天与武士-王子阿朱那之间的对话。为减轻阿朱那因与其堂兄弟作战而导致的道德顾虑,黑天神通过讨论瑜伽和吠陀中的教义来给其解释,如何驱除幻念并认识掌管万物的神圣本体(梵)。《摩诃波罗多》的成书时间并不确定,大概在公元前5世纪到公元1世纪之间。许多印度教徒将《薄伽梵歌》视为神圣起源的“启示”经典;《摩诃波罗多》则是人类起源的“记忆”文本。其重要性由此可见一斑。

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Hindu