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RELATED RESOURCES ON PILGRIMAGE
The Hajj is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca that all Muslims are required to make at least once in life, provided that a person is physically and financially capable of doing so. The Hajj occurs annually from the eighth to the twelfth day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah in the Islamic calendar. The Hajj consists of a series of rituals that symbolize events in the lives of the prophet Ibrahim (the biblical Abraham) and his wife Hagar. Pilgrims circle the Kaaba seven times; travel seven times between two hills; drink from the Well of Zamzam; pray and stand in vigil on the plain of Mount Arafat; throw seven stones in a ritualized stoning of the Devil; sacrifice an animal or have one sacrificed on their behalf; and celebrate the Eid al-Adha festival, among other things. The Hajj was derived from a pre-Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca that Muhammad rededicated to the One God of Islam in 631 CE.