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RELATED RESOURCES: CHRISTIAN
The Old Testament is the first division of the Christian Bible, all written before the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. Christianity shares much of this body of scripture with Judaism, as the contents of the Old Testament are very similar to that of the Tanakh—the Hebrew Bible. The Old Testament contains the Judeo-Christian creation story, religious accounts of the history of the Hebrew people, religious legal codes, prophetic writings, and other material. The books of the Old Testament were canonized within Judaism between the fifth century BCE and the dirst century CE, and early Christianity preserved their use after splitting off from Judaism.