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The Shahada is the creed of Islam. The Arabic creed translates to: “There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger.” The Shahada is divided into two parts: the first - “There is no god but Allah” - is a confession of Tawhid, the oneness of God upon which all Islamic theology is based. The second - “Muhammad is [God’s] messenger” - confesses the belief in the prophethood of Muhammad, from which comes Islam’s complete ethical code. Shi’a Muslims often add “Ali is the vicegerent of God” as a third confession, which Sunnis condemn as a fabricated addition. The full text of the Shahada does not appear in the Qur’an, but can be found in various hadiths.