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Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, was the Indian spiritual teacher who founded Buddhism. It is generally agreed that he was born circa 563 BCE – though estimates range a century to each side – as a prince in the Shakya Kingdom in modern-day Nepal. Upon becoming aware of human suffering, he left his kingdom to become an ascetic. He then developed the Middle Way – a moderate path between self-mortification and self-indulgence – and soon attained enlightenment into the causes of and solutions to human suffering at age 35. He spent the next 45 years preaching his philosophy across what are today northern and eastern Indian and Nepal. As he gained followers, he established the first sangha – a body of Buddhist monks – that would go on to preserve and spread his teachings after his death circa 486 BCE, at which time Buddhists believe he abandoned his body and achieved parinirvana, the final deathless state for those who have achieved complete enlightenment in life.