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April 24, 2014  |  About the Berkley Center  |  Directions to the Center  |  Subscribe
 
Topics Traditions Countries Classroom US/China  

TRADITION

Sunni

TOPICS

Islam Islam
Islam is a religious tradition stressing submission to God according to the revelations to the prophet Muhammad (570/571-632 CE), whom Muslims hold to be the last in a line...
Indonesia
Indonesian society seeks to balance between heavy religious influences and a largely secular democratic government that holds monotheism as one of its fundamental...
Saudi Arabia
The royal family of Saudi Arabia charges itself with the protection of the two holiest cities of Islam, Mecca and Medina, and the propagation of the Wahhabi school of Sunni...

Sunni
逊尼派

Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam, comprising about 85 percent of the world’s over 1.5 billion Muslims. In contrast to the Shi'a, Sunnis see Islam as continuous with the teachings of Muhammad and his first four successors, the "rightly guided caliphs." (For Shi'a Muslims, the valid line of succession ran through Muhammad's relatives). Sunni Islam accepts a wide variety of hadith—accounts of the sayings and actions of the Prophet—as authoritative, and acknowledges the legitimacy of diverse schools of Islamic law (sharia) that govern proper roles and relationships in the family and society. In keeping with this internal diversity, Sunni Islam has no clear hierarchical structure. It emphasizes the direct relationship between the believer and God.
逊尼派是伊斯兰教最大的支派,在全世界15亿穆斯林人口中约占15%。与什叶派不同,逊尼派将伊斯兰教看作是先知穆罕默德及四大正统哈里发的传统(什叶派认为只有穆罕默德的亲属才是有效的继承者)。逊尼派接受《圣训》(先知的言行记录)不同版本的权威性,并承认伊斯兰教法(“沙里亚”,用来规范家庭和社会的适当地位和关系)不同派别的合法性。在保持这种内部多样性的同时,逊尼派没有明确的等级结构。它强调信徒与安拉之间的直接关系。