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Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq
Led by Sayyid Ammar al-Hakim, the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (ISCI, formerly the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq) is one of Iraq’s largest political parties. Drawn from the country’s Shi’a community, the Iranian government sponsored the party’s creation in 1982 during the Iran-Iraq war after the leading Iraqi Islamist group was weakened by a government crackdown. Designed as an umbrella organization to unite Iraqi Shi’a groups, the party supports Islamic government controlled by ulama. In post-Saddam Iraq ISCI has worked closely with other Shi’a organizations to provide social services and humanitarian aid. Though accused of receiving money and weapons from Iran, ISCI leaders maintain that the party is committed to democracy and peaceful cooperation. ISCI’s base lies in Shi’a-majority southern Iraq. The Badr Brigade initially acted as ISCI's armed wing but later to split to form the independent Badr Organization.