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Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Kiev Patriarchate)
The Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Kiev Patriarchate) is the product of a 1992 schism in the Ukraine’s Orthodox community. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the achievement of Ukrainian independence in 1991, Metropolitan of Kiev and all Ukraine Filaret attempted to secure autocephalous status for the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. This move was rejected by the Moscow Patriarchate, leading Filaret and a minority of bishops to unilaterally establish a separate communion. Although it lacks canonical recognition from other Orthodox churches, it maintains the adherence of a substantial portion of Ukrainian Orthodox Christians, and has a strong presence in Kiev and the Western half of the country. The UOC-KP still aims to secure a unified and independent Ukrainian Orthodox Church.