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Topics Traditions Countries Classroom US/China  

COUNTRY

United States United States

TOPICS

Religion and Politics in US History Religion and Politics in US History
Religion has long been a staple of American politics. At the national level presidents and candidates for the highest office have continually evoked religious themes,...

SUB-TOPICS

American Presidents American Presidents
This collection includes biographies of America's presidents, particularly addressing the role of religion in their politics and presidential administration.
Religion and Politics in the United States
This bilingual collection features key quotes on religion from past and contemporary American presidents. It also offers information about different government agencies...

Georgewashington

George Washington
乔治•华盛顿

George Washington was the first president of the United States, serving from 1789 to 1797. Prior to his terms as president, Washington had a career in public life, including service in the Virginia House of Burgesses and as Commander in Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Washington's steady leadership of the young nation stressed avoiding the entangling conflicts of Europe and respecting the balance of powers between the executive and legislative branches. Like most of the aristocracy of Virginia at the time, Washington was an Episcopalian. In his governing, Washington was carefully non-sectarian and spoke in favor of religious liberty even for non-Protestant Christians. In a letter to Rhode Island's Jewish community in 1790, Washington assured them that the new nation would give "to bigotry no sanction, to persecution no assistance."
乔治•华盛顿在1789年至1797年期间担任美国第1任总统。此前,华盛顿一直从事公共事务,在弗吉尼亚下议院工作,并在美国革命期间担任大陆军总司令。华盛顿对新诞生美国的坚定领导,既防止美国卷入欧洲的冲突,又尊重了行政、立法机构之间的权力平衡。与当时多数弗吉尼亚贵族一样,华盛顿是圣公会信徒。在担任总统期间,他小心坚持宗教中立的立场,即使对待非新教基督徒也支持他们的宗教的自由。1790年在一封致罗德岛犹太群体的信函当中,华盛顿明确向他们宣告,新的国家将“不姑息偏执,不支持迫害”。

QUOTES

乔治•华盛顿在告别演讲中关于宗教对政治繁荣重要性的讲话
September 19, 1796
George Washington on the Importance of Religion to Political Prosperity in His Farewell Speech
George Washington on Protection from God in 1794 State of the Union Address
November 19, 1794
乔治•华盛顿在国情咨文中关于上帝庇佑的讲话
George Washington on the New Government in His First Inaugural Address
April 30, 1789
乔治•华盛顿第一次就职演说中论新政府