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RELATED RESOURCES: RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams was the sixth president of the United States from 1825 to 1829. As the son of John Adams, he was also a Congregationalist, and benefited throughout his career from the social standing of the Unitarian church in the Northeast. Quincy Adams was a strict defender of religious freedom. During his lifetime the Congregationalist church would fragment, largely over the unitarian-trinitarian debate. Quincy Adams took great interest in these theological debates, and his personal writings reveal a life-long struggle with the question of Jesus' divinity. He opposed slavery, and wrote that ministers who justified slavery based on Biblical arguments "might just as well call our extermination of the Indians an obedience to Divine commands."