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Néstor Kirchner was a prominent political figure in contemporary Argentina and served as president from 2003-2007. He was succeeded in that role by his wife, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. Born in 1950, Kirchner was a member of the Justicialist Party (also known as Peronism) since early in his career. He became mayor of his hometown of Río Gallegos in 1987, then served as governor of Santa Cruz Province from 1991 until his election to the Argentine presidency. His political philosophy, known as Kirchnerism, falls within the left wing of Peronism, assertively supporting human rights and rejecting neoliberalism. During his presidency, Kirchner faced opposition from the Catholic Church due to his positions on contraception and universal sex education. He also criticized the role of many priests and bishops in Argentina's Dirty War during the 1970s and '80s. Until his death at the age of 60, he was widely expected to run for the presidency in 2011.