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Topics Traditions Countries Classroom US/China  

COUNTRY

Holy See (Vatican City State) Holy See (Vatican City State)

TRADITION

Roman Catholic

TOPICS

Christianity Christianity
Christianity is a religious tradition based on the spiritual and ethical teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, whom Christians believe to be the Messiah, the Son of God, and God...
Italy
Italy is a secular republic with a national identity rooted firmly in Roman Catholicism. Throughout its history, the Catholic Church has been based in Rome, with most popes...
The Catholic Church in World Affairs The Catholic Church in World Affairs
As one of the most ancient and extensive institutions in the modern age, the Catholic Church has had and continues to exert a significant influence on diverse world...

SUB-TOPICS

Roman Catholicism Roman Catholicism
The Roman Catholic Church is the world's largest Christian community, with an estimated 1.2 billion adherents, and is led by the Pope, who is the Bishop of Rome. Two major...

RELATED RESOURCES: POPE

Ecclesiam Suam (Paths of the Church)
《教会的道路》

Publication
Popeleoxiii

Pope Leo XIII

Pope Leo XIII (Gioacchino Vincenzo Pecci) laid the groundwork for modern Catholic social teaching while forcefully opposing both Marxism and liberalism. His pontificate (1878-1903) was marked by sustained engagement in political affairs. Leo engaged the wider world to an unprecedented degree, addressing an encyclical to the Bishops of Brazil on slavery, establishing a Catholic hierarchy in India, and corresponding with the Chinese, Japanese, Russian, and Persian leaders concerning the rights of the Church in their domains. His decision to set up offices in Athens and Constantinople to advance contact with the Eastern Churches foreshadowed the modern ecumenical movement. Of Leo's 85 encyclicals, Rerum Novarum had the most far-reaching consequences. His thoughts on the relationship between the working class and political society shaped Catholic social teaching throughout the twentieth century.

PUBLICATIONS

Dum Multa (On Marriage Legislation)
December 24, 1902
Leo XIII on Charity
May 15, 1891