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April 16, 2014  |  About the Berkley Center  |  Directions to the Center  |  Subscribe
 
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TRADITION

Roman Catholic

TOPICS

The Catholic Church in World Affairs The Catholic Church in World Affairs
As one of the most ancient and extensive institutions in the modern age, the Catholic Church has had and continues to exert a significant influence on diverse world...

SUB-TOPICS

Papal Documents Papal Documents
One of the largest sources of insight into the Catholic Church in world affairs comes from the wide collection of papal encyclicals written and promulgated by the pope, the...
Human Rights and Democracy Human Rights and Democracy
The Catholic Church’s approach to human rights and democracy is one of great historical complexity. Though the Catholic Church has supported human dignity and social...
Interreligious Dialogue Interreligious Dialogue
The Catholic Church’s efforts at interreligious dialogue were largely stymied until the promulgation of Nostra Aetate in 1965, a Vatican II document that reframed the...
The Second Vatican Council The Second Vatican Council
The Second Vatican Council was the twenty-first Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church that brought about significant renewals, reforms, and reaffirmations within...

Holyseecoatofarms

Dignitatis Humanae (On the Dignity of the Human Person – Declaration on Religious Freedom)
《宗教自由宣言》

December 7, 1965
Dignitatis Humanae, one of the most significant documents issued by the Second Vatican Council, declares that all persons are to be free from coercion in matters concerning religious belief and worship, so that they may seek the truth in a manner befitting their human dignity. The state oversteps its authority when it coerces compliance with or inhibits the free practice of a particular religion by its citizens. Christians in particular are exhorted to respect religious freedom as a human right, as the encyclical declares that coercion is fundamentally antithetical to Christian belief and tradition. This endorsement of religious liberty and freedom of conscience represents a marked departure from previous papal encyclicals, particularly those of Popes Pius IX, Leo XIII, and Pius X. The rise of democracy and the need for increased cooperation among diverse social groups in post-war Europe necessitated a new outlook on church-state relations.
《宗教自由宣言》是梵二会议最重要的文献之一。该宣言主张,所有人在宗教信仰和崇拜方面,都不应受到强迫,从而每人都能以符合其人性尊严的方式追求真理。当国家禁止其公民从事某种宗教活动,或强迫其公民遵从某一宗教,国家就超越了其正当权限。该宣言对“宗教自由”和“良心自由”的认可,与从前“教宗通谕”——尤其是比约四世、利奥八世和比约十世——的立场明显不同。民主制度的兴起以及战后欧洲日益增加的不同社会群体之间进行合作的要求,使得对政教关系的重新理解成为必要。《宗教自由宣言》主张,任何人都不应被强迫从事违反其良心自由的行动,宗教活动自由须作为一项基本人权受到政府保护。宣言特别敦促基督徒,要尊重信仰自由,因为强制的行为从根本上是违反基督教的信念与传统的。
Pope Paul VI Pope Paul VI
Pope Paul VI (born Giovanni Battista Montini) assumed the papacy from 1963 to 1978 and promulgated one of the Second Vatican Council's most significant documents, Dignitatis Humanae, which advocated religious freedom. He likewise championed...
Roman Catholic Church Roman Catholic Church
The Roman Catholic Church is the world's largest Christian Church, with over 1 billion members, and currently headed by Pope Francis. Since becoming the official religion of the Roman Empire in the fourth century, it has been persistently...