Contemporary Mexico is shaped by a variety of influences, including its deeply rooted Roman Catholicism and the secular ideals of the Mexican Revolution (1910-21). Catholicism arrived in the territory of modern-day Mexico with the Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century. The Church was a powerful social and political force during Spanish rule (1519-1821), but the 19th century saw constant struggles between anti-clerical Liberals and pro-clerical Conservatives. The 1910 revolution strengthened secularists, and their influence is clear in the 1917 Constitution, which stripped the Church of any legal status and denied many civil rights to members of the clergy. These restrictions sparked the Cristero War (1926-29), a violent, Church-supported rebellion against the government. As a result, the government ceased enforcing these provision, and in 1992 the most restrictive of these articles were formally amended. Freedom of religion is protected, but explicit limits are placed on Church property, the Church is barred from political action, and secular education is mandatory.
May 10, 2007
Excommunication is not something arbitrary but a measure prescribed by the Code [of Canon Law]. Thus, it simply states in Canon Law that the killing of an innocent child is incompatible with going to Communion, where one receives the Body of Christ. Consequently, nothing new, surprising or arbitrary, has been invented.
January 28, 1992
The federal powers shall exercise the supervision required by law in matters relating to religious worship and outward ecclesiastical forms. Other authorities shall act as auxiliaries of the Federation.
Congress cannot enact laws establishing or prohibiting any religion.
Marriage is a civil contract. This and other acts of a civil nature concerning persons are within the exclusive competence of civil officials and authorities, in the manner prescribed by law, and shall have the force and...
I. Freedom of religious beliefs being guaranteed by Article 24, the standard which shall guide such education shall be maintained entirely apart from any religious doctrine and, based on the results of scientific progress, shall strive against ignorance and its effects, servitudes, fanaticism, and prejudices. [...]
Everyone is free to embrace the religion of his choice and to practice all ceremonies, devotions, or observances of his respective faith, either in places of public worship or at home, provided they do not constitute an offense punishable by law. Every religious act of public worship must be performed strictly inside places of public worship, which shall at all times be under governmental supervision.
II. Religious institutions known as churches, regardless of creed, may in no case acquire, hold, or administer real property or hold mortgages thereon; such property held at present either directly or through an intermediary shall revert to the Nation, any person whosoever being authorized to denounce any property so held. Presumptive evidence shall be sufficient to declare the denunciation well founded. Places of public worship are the property of the Nation, as represented by the Federal...
The following are the requirements to be a deputy: [...] Not to be a minister of any religious cult.
[...] The State cannot permit the execution of any contract, covenant, or agreement having for its object the restriction, loss or irrevocable sacrifice of the liberty of man, whether for work, education, or religious vows. The law, therefore, does not permit the establishment of monastic orders, whatever be their denomination or purpose. Likewise no person can legally agree to his own proscription or exile, or to the temporary or permanent renunciation of the exercise of a given profession...
In order to be President it is required:
June 9, 2003
[...] IV. Not to possess ecclesiastic status nor be a minister of any cult.
This signature makes this a historic date for our country. It's historic because it establishes that nobody should be excluded from their social well-being because of their ethnic origin, gender, age or religion.
August 14, 2009
The Church cannot and should not embark upon the political enterprise of realizing a more just society on its own. It cannot and should not substitute the State. But neither can it nor should it remain on the margins in the struggle for justice.