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Millenniumvaluessymposium

Research on Values

Campus Conversation on Values

Publications (18)



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  • February 9, 2012
    The Pew Research Center released a report entitled "Young, Underemployed and Optimistic," based on nationwide data of 2,048 adults, including 808 young adults (ages 18 to 34), that reviews how young workers understand their status in the current economy. According to the survey results, a majority of the public believes today’s economic turmoil is impacting young adults most, and in a way that is making basic financial goals harder to achieve than when their parents were a similar age....
  • January 1, 2012
    Deloitte Consulting conducted a survey of over 1,000 Millennial Deloitte employees to consider the purpose, influence, and leadership of business. A survey of 390 business leaders was also conducted by Deloitte for comparison purposes. The findings underscore the Millennial generation’s emphasis on the potential of business to solve some of the greatest challenges facing society. According to the survey, both the Millennial population and business leaders believe the success of business...
  • November 17, 2011
    Part of the Pew Research Center’s Global Attitudes Project, this survey compares the values of Americans versus those of Western Europeans, highlighting increasing similarities and remaining differences. An overall trend noted in the survey is a declining belief in American exceptionalism over the past decade, especially among younger Americans. The report also indicates that Americans are generally more individualistic, less supportive of a strong safety net, and more socially conservative...
  • November 3, 2011
    The Pew Research Center’s report titled “Angry Silents, Disengaged Millennials: The Generation Gap and the 2012 Election” polls data from two national surveys of 4,413 adults on differences in political attitudes among generations in America. The study focuses how the broad political, social, and economic trends of recent decades have shaped the political leanings of these generations over time. Findings include data on generational views towards growing racial and ethnic diversity,...
  • November 2, 2011
    To determine how Millennial Americans feel about their personal economic situation, their prospects for the future, and their aspirations of success, two organizations, Young Invincibles and Demos commissioned a survey of young adults between the ages of 18 and 34 to better capture their circumstances, their anxieties, and their ambitions. Conducted by Lake Research Partners and Bellwether Research and Consulting in September 25 to October 4, 2011, the results indicate that young Americans...
  • April 21, 2011
    In this 2001 article in Applied Developmental Sciences Stanford University Professor Parissa Jahromia uses an in-depth interview approach to explores how young people think about American identity in the contemporary United States, investigating youth experiences in micro-contexts to illuminate important elements of the multiple pathways to American identity. Jahromia finds these pathways consequential for individual identity formation as well as collective political identity on a national...
  • December 1, 2010
    Following two previous books on teenage faith, in A Faith of Their Own: Stability and Change in the Religiosity of America's Adolescents (2010) Lisa Pearce and Melinda Lundquist Denton chart the spiritual trajectory of American adolescents and young adults over a period of three years using the National Study of Youth and Religion’s telephone surveys and in-depth interviews. Pearce and Denton find that religion is an important force in the lives of most – though their involvement with...
  • October 1, 2010
    The Josephson Institute's biannual comprehensive survey of high school students from across the country examines their self-reported values, attitudes and behavior, with results published in the "Report Card on the Ethics of American Youth"; 2010 results highlight topics such as honesty and integrity, bullying, and high-risk behavior. The study's sample consisted of 43,000 students from both public and private high schools. Result break-down are available by gender, sports participation,...
  • February 24, 2010
    Part of the Pew Research Center's comprehensive survey and study "Millennials: A Portrait of Generation Next," this report describes the behavioral tendencies, opinions, and values prevalent among the teenagers and twenty-somethings who have come of age at the turn of the millennium. One of the report's key observations is that this generation appears to be substantially more ethnically and racially diverse when compared to older generations, as well as more liberal politically, less...
  • September 1, 2002
    Using survey data collected from high school seniors from 1976-1995, this paper by Wendy M. Rahn and John E. Transue of the University of Minnesota examines the origins of social trust among young people and the causes of change in beliefs about trust over time. An explanation, based on the theoretical accounts of Alexis de Tocqueville and Emile Durkheim, is that materialistic values may be undermining young people's views about the trustworthiness of others. Both aggregate time series...
  • April 22, 1999
    This April 1999 article in the Journal of Adolescence examines the role of religion in identity development by connecting community service and religiousness in American youth. Authors James Younissf, Jeffrey A. McLellan, and Miranda Yates use data from nationally representative samples of American youth. Their findings strengthen the case that the many contemporary youth who take religion seriously are vibrantly engaged in their schooling, in the betterment of communities, and the...
  • January 1, 1999
    John Springhall explains in this 1999 book how commercial culture in Great Britain and America has been viewed, since its inception during the process of industrialization, as a force likely to undermine juvenile morals and to promote juvenile delinquency. There has been wave after wave of scares: from Victorian penny “gaff” theatres and “penny dreadful” novels to Hollywood gangster films. The last chapter refers to modern scares, such as television violence, “gangsta-rap”, and computer...
  • January 1, 1996
    Greater Expectations: Overcoming the Culture of Indulgence in Our Homes and Schools, a 1996 book by William Damon of Brown University, argues that America's current system of education fails to provide the discipline and challenges necessary for children to fully develop. He believes US society holds misconceptions about children and how to raise them, including the cult of self-esteem, "child-centered" learning, and other overly indulgent practices that have been watering down the education...
  • January 1, 1994
    Daniel Yankelovich suggests in this chapter published in the 1994 book Values and Public Policy that the affluence effect is a powerful driver of changing cultural values, especially when seen in the context of America's most stable and enduring values. Yankelovich discusses whether formal economic analysis ought to expand its scope to take values into account in its search for solutions to America's social and economic problems because of the affluence effect. He then identifies six areas of...
  • October 1, 1988
    This article authored by Luther B. Otto of the National Council on Family Relations describes the changing demographics and values of youth of the 1980s. Otto finds youth value being able to find steady work, having strong friendships, being successful in their line of work, having a good marriage and family life, and being able to give their children better opportunities than they have had. He then describes their behaviors in terms of work schedules, earnings and spending patterns, drug and...
  • January 1, 1988
    Published by Harvard University Press in 1980 by Michael Rutter, Changing Youth in a Changing Society: Patterns of Adolescent Development and Disorder begins with a complete survey of the problems of youth, showing which disorders peak during the teenage years. Author Michael Rutter turns to the difficult historical questions about whether adolescent disorders are truly becoming more frequent. He finds that while teenage alcoholism and crime are on the rise, the “much heralded generation gap”...
  • January 1, 1974
    Based on 3,522 one- to two-hour personal interviews conducted in 1973, David Yankelovich's 1974 book compares the 1973 views and attitudes of American youth to a survey conducted in the late 1960s, arguing that the women's liberation movement has made a profound impression on the consciousness of young people and that traditional beliefs have been challenged. Yankelovich traces significant trends through an era filled with events that deeply affected the lives of young people, such as the...
  • July 1, 1946
    Donald McGranahan of Harvard University sampled American and German youth through anonymous questionnaires on social and ethical attitudes in November 1945. He found that German youth differed from American youth in more highly valuing obedience to authority, honor, and loyalty to the state. Germans had more faith in their national superiority. The German youth revealed considerably more admiration than did the Americans for men of great power in world history, individuals who controlled the...