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July 28, 2014  |  About the Berkley Center  |  Directions to the Center  |  Subscribe
 
Topics Traditions Countries Classroom US/China  

OTHER TRADITIONS


Hinduism

HinduismPrinter_icon

Hinduism is an Indian religion encompassing diverse ritualistic Vedic traditions stressing the importance of karma and societal norms. The vast field of Hindu scriptures includes the Vedas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads, Puranas, and the epics known as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the latter of which contains the important Bhagavad Gīta. Hinduism is roughly divided into four major sects: Vaishnavism (devotion to Vishnu), Shaivism (devotion of Shiva), Shaktism (devotion to Shakti), and Smartism (nonsectarian devotion to Brahman). As the world's third largest religion, Hinduism has almost one billion followers, 90 percent of whom live in India. Hinduism is deeply ingrained in Indian society. The religiously based caste system is illegal but remains widely socially enforced. Calls for the recognition of India as a specifically Hindu nation have increased, and Hindu groups often seek to maintain the tradition's cultural hegemony.

TAGS

Hindu, India

ESSAYS ON HINDUISM:

Hinduism
印度教
Hindu Beliefs
印度教信仰
Demographics of Hinduism
印度教人口分布
Hindu Scriptures
印度教经典

THEMES

Hinduism on the Religious Other
印度教关于宗教他者的观念
Hinduism on Justice and Injustice
印度教关于正义和非正义的观念
Hinduism on Health and Illness
印度教关于健康和疾病的观念
Hinduism on Wealth and Poverty
印度教关于富裕和贫穷的观念
Hinduism on Peace and Violence
印度教关于和平和暴力的观念
Hinduism on Defamation of Religion