Islam on Justice and Injustice
Justice in Islam is owed to God by recognizing the duty to worship him and to others by treating them fairly and truthfully. In the end, ultimate justice will be meted out on Judgment Day, when God exercises his exclusive right to judge humans and to reward and punish them. Indeed, it is God who commands justice and forbids injustice, delegating to humans, as his representatives on earth, responsibility for "commanding the right and prohibiting the wrong." Sharia was never conceived as state law; its supervision was the purview of religious scholars, whereas the duty of sultans, shahs, and other rulers was to abide by it, if not actively enforce it. Religious and political establishment have never overlapped completely; they have traditionally been seen as complementary, working together for the welfare of Muslim society. Since independence from colonial rule, most Muslim-majority nations have tended to adopt laws of European origin in all areas except family life. Influential exceptions are the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Iran, which reserve a much larger role for Islamic law.