The New Testament is the portion of the Christian Bible dealing with the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth and the ministry of his apostles. It is the second part of the Christian Bible—preceded by the Old Testament. The New Testament is unique to the Christian tradition and is not shared with Judaism. The New Testament includes the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John which narrate the events of Jesus's life. The gospels are followed by the Acts of the Apostles, which chronicles the ministry of Jesus’ apostles after the crucifixion. Acts is followed by the Epistles written by apostles to early Christian communities and leaders; and the Apocalypse of John, or Book of Revelation, which consists of letters to major churches and a prophecy of the Christian apocalypse. The books of the New Testament were written in the first and second centuries CE.
As the record of the teachings of Jesus, the New Testament is the core of the Christian tradition and the basis of Christian ethics and religious belief and practice. It contains the scriptural foundations for Christian dogma and sacraments. In the Christian tradition, the New Testament also provides the lens through which the Old Testament is understood, holding New Testament events to be fulfillments of Old Testament prophecies and providing for Jesus’ amendment of Old Testament teachings. Doctrinal divisions between different Christian denominations come largely from emphases on different parts of the New Testament and from different understandings of God’s role in inspiring the scripture, such as whether believers should interpret the text literally.