Religion in the Canadian Constitution
The Canadian Constitution, like that of the United Kingdom, consists of many written statutes and acts, as well as unwritten traditions and conventions. The 1982 Constitution Act established full political independence from Great Britain, though Canada had been almost entirely independent for decades prior, and had exercised significant self-government for over a century. Part I of the act, titled "The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms," guarantees freedom of religion in Article 2 and prohibits discrimination based on religion in Article 15. Interestingly, the UN Human Rights Committee has continuously criticized section 93 of the 1867 Constitution Act, which provides for provincial funding of religious education in public schools.
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