American Jewish Congress
The American Jewish Congress (AJC) works to protect the rights of Jews worldwide through policy advocacy and litigation. Organized in 1918 by prominent Jewish leaders, including Rabbi Stephen S. Wise and US Supreme Court Justices Louis Brandeis and Felix Frankfurter, AJC provided a voice for the Jewish community at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 following World War I. It was among the first Jewish organizations to publicly support the creation of a Jewish state, and as part of its efforts to support the safety and security of Israel today, the organization is involved in fighting the terrorist practice of using "human shields"; it also advocates greater Israeli participation in NATO. Concurrently, AJC supports energy policy that reduces American dependence on foreign oil. The organization's domestic focus concentrates on religious liberty and free speech issues; it also is a voice in Catholic-Jewish dialogue.