Islamic Council of Europe
Established in 1973, the Islamic Council of Europe brought together Islamic statesmen and scholars to discuss contemporary issues facing Muslims living in the West. Frequent meetings throughout the 1970s continued into the 1980s, when two of the Council's most famous documents were published. In 1981 the Universal Islamic Declaration of Human Rights rooted human rights in the law of God and addressed issues such as privacy and torture; A model of an Islamic Constitution followed in 1983 and incorporated both democratic principles and adherence to Islamic principles. Several other publications addressed related political, social, and religious dilemmas.