National Committee of Three-Self Patriotic Movement of the Protestant Churches in China
Founded in 1954, the National Committee of Three-Self Patriotic Movement (TSPM) is a state-sanctioned Protestant body for the organization of all Protestant churches in China. Initiated in 1951 by a member of the Congregational Church, Y.T. Wu, the Three-Self Patriotic Movement promoted a strategy of “self-governance, self-support, and self-propagation” in order to remove foreign influences from the Chinese churches and to assure the communist government of their loyalty to the newly established People's Republic of China. The TSPM ceased operation during the Cultural Revolution and restored its activities in 1979. It remains a key official umbrella organization for Protestantism in China, in contrast to the underground churches movement. The TSPM is located in Shanghai.