Resources on Faith, Ethics and Public Life

Adela Zamudio

This individual is not a direct affiliate of the Berkley Center.

Adela Zamudio was a Bolivian poet, author, and educator often credited as the founder of the feminist movement in Bolivia. During the early twentieth century, Zamudio used the pseudonym “Soledad” (solitude) when publishing her poems to avoid prejudice and convey the isolation she felt. Throughout her life, Zamudio was a pioneer for women’s rights in Bolivia, advocating for divorce laws, women’s labor movements, and several other feminist liberal causes. Her writing often centered on inequality between men and women, societal and political commentary, and the female experience. Although she was Catholic, she often clashed with the Catholic Church in Bolivia, accusing leaders of vanity, hypocrisy, and cruelty in writings such as “Quo Vadis.” Zamudio’s strong opposition to Church control over education led her to found Bolivia’s first secular school and painting schools specifically for women. She received the country’s highest literary award from the president of Bolivia in 1926. Her birthday, October 11, is Bolivian Women's Day.
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