Chester Alan Arthur
This individual is not a direct affiliate of the Berkley Center.
Chester A. Arthur served as the twenty-first president of the United States from 1881 to 1885. Arthur was an Episcopalian and the son of a Baptist abolitionist preacher, but religion was not a primary factor in his career. He rose to the presidency as a distrusted member of the Stalwart faction of the Republican Party, but he became a champion of civil service reform and left office widely respected. His major accomplishment as president was the Pendleton Civil Service Act, which established a bipartisan Civil Service Commission and reduced cronyism in the government. Because of this, he is known as the "Father of Civil Service."