Javier Perez de Cuellar
This individual is not a direct affiliate of the Berkley Center.
Javier Pérez de Cuéllar of Peru served as the fifth secretary-general of the United Nations from 1982 to 1991. Pérez de Cuéllar joined Peru’s Foreign Service during the 1940s and served as ambassador to France, the Soviet Union, and Venezuela. In 1971, Pérez de Cuéllar was appointed as Peru’s permanent representative to the UN and was elected as secretary-general in 1982. During his tenure, Pérez de Cuéllar led mediation between Britain and Argentina in the aftermath of the Falklands War and helped stabilize conflicts in Central America. He also helped resolve and negotiate conflict resolutions in Namibia, the Western Sahara, and Cyprus. After completing his service at the UN, Pérez de Cuéllar ran unsuccessfully for president of Peru in 1995. Following his defeat, Pérez de Cuéllar continued to work in the Peruvian parliament; he was prime minister from 2000 to 2001. He is currently the oldest living former UN secretary-general.