This individual is not a direct affiliate of the Berkley Center.
John Adams was the second president of the United States, governing from 1797 to 1801, as well as its first vice-president under George Washington. Adams was a Congregationalist, the dominant denomination in his native Massachusetts. Adams frequently linked moral virtue to the success of the United States, and he publicly worried that without enough virtue the new nation may fall from God's approval. Adams wrote to Thomas Jefferson in 1781: "Without religion this world would be something not fit to be mentioned in polite company, I mean Hell."