Roman Catholic Dialogue with Byzantine Orthodox Churches
The Joint International Commission for the Theological Dialogue between the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church has facilitated significant dialogue, especially between 1979 and 1990, though subsequent efforts have been complicated by a resurgence of Uniatism in Central and Eastern Europe. In 1993 the Balamand Document established principles and practical rules for dealing with Uniatism but was not accepted by all Orthodox Churches. During the rest of the decade attempts at further dialogue continued to be stymied by the controversy over Uniatism. The Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity has continued to engage in trust-building actions, such as more frequent high-level official visits between the Roman Catholic Church and individual Orthodox Churches, which have proven to be quite fruitful. In 2007 the Ravenna Document addressed questions of ecclesial communion, conciliarity, and authority as Roman Catholic dialogue with the Orthodox church as a whole resumed.