United Nations Principles on Housing and Property Restitution for Refugees and Displaced Persons
June 28, 2005
Adopted in 2005, the "United Nations Principles on Housing and Property Restitution for Refugees and Displaced Persons" (known as the Pinheiro Principles after primary author Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro) declare rights to freedom of movement, adequate housing, respect for home, voluntary return for the displaced, etc., and include provisions for cooperation, secondary occupants, documentation, international peace operations, and other legislative matters. These rights are intended to apply to all, regardless of individuals' official status as refugees or internally displaced persons. They reflect UN-accepted principles of international human rights, refugee and humanitarian law, and related standards, including those already enshrined in UN documents. The Pinheiro Principles are notable for addressing both theoretical principles and practical implementation, such as claims procedures and record documentation.