Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition
November 16, 1974
The Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition combines a review of the right to adequate nutrition with an acknowledgement of the complex economic and political issues that affect the production and distribution of foodstuffs. It recognizes that severe food crises affect populations in developing countries, as well as the ways situations of hunger and malnutrition often arise from historical trends of social inequality within these countries. Furthermore, the declaration pinpoints the adequate production and distribution of food as the key variable, along with the ways violence and the international economic order impact countries' ability to reduce hunger and malnutrition. It concludes with a call for a worldwide mobilization towards agricultural resource development, as well as increasing food and agricultural reserves to meet international emergency food requirements. The declaration was adopted in 1974 by the United Nations Human Rights Council's World Food Conference and endorsed by the UN General Assembly a month later.