Religious Communities in the Fire of Globalization: 'Phoenix from the Ashes?'

What is the relationship between globalization, modernization, and religion? For decades scholars have argued that secularization has been depriving religion of its legal privileges and that the market economy has undermined its social base. Almost all that that would remain, according to the dominant view, would be different forms of individual religiosity. To the surprise of many, however, globalization and its wave of social change have actually empowered religious communities in new ways. Hans Kippenberg of Jacobs University in Bremen explored the surprising resilience of religious communities, which extends even to Europe.

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