Political Secularism, Religion, and the State
Until at least the 1980s, the dominant academic paradigm—secularization theory—predicted that religion would disappear or at least decline significantly. Yet it is increasingly clear that this has not occurred. Jonathan Fox developed and tested the secular-religious competition perspective, which posits that currently secular and religious actors compete to influence state religion policy. He also compared and contrasted this theory with other prominent theories on religion and politics. The Berkley Center's Jocelyne Cesari moderated the discussion.